The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana was launched on 1st july,2015 with the motto of ‘Har Khet Ko Pani‘ for providing end-to end solutions irrigation supply chain, Viz. Water sources, distribution network and farm level applications.
PMKSY not only focuses on creating sources for assured irrigation, but also creating protective irrigation by harnessing rainwater at micro level through ‘Jal Sanchay’ and ‘Jal Sinchan’.
Objectives of PMKSY
The major objective for PMKSY is achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (per drop more crop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal wastewater for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.
Structure of the Scheme
PMKSY has been conceived amalgamating ongoing schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP) of the ministry of water resources, River development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD & GR), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of department of land resources (DoLR) and the On farm Water Management (OFWM) of department of Agriculture and cooperation (DAC). The scheme is being implemented by Ministries of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development.
Ministry of Rural Development mainly undertakes watershed development, under which rain water conservation, construction of farm pond, water harvesting structures, small check dams and contour bunding etc. are taken up. MoWR undertakes construction major and minor (AIBP) for creation of assured irrigation source, command area development and minor irrigation (HKKP) Ministry of Agriculture will promote efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices likes drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm “(Jal Sinchan)”, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities, extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures.
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIMP) & Command Area Development and Water Management (CADMW): To focus on faster completion of ongoing major and medium irrigation including National projects.
- Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP) : creation of new water sources through minor irrigation (both surface and groundwater); repair, restoration and renovation and traditional water bodies ; command area development ; strengthening and creation of distribution network from sources to the farm etc.
- Per Drop More Crop (PDMC): Precision irrigation systems, efficient water conveyanAn Android based Bhuvan integration app viz. BHUVAN PDMC has been developed in collaboration with NRSC, Hyderabad for geo-tagging of interventions/ assets created under PMKSY, micro level storage structures, tapping up of input cost beyond Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme( MGNREGS) permissible limits, secondary storage, water lifting devices, extension activities, coordination & management etc.
- Watershed development(WD): ridge area treatment, drainage line treatment , soil and moisture conservation, rainwater harvesting and other watershed interventions.
Significant growth in adoption of micro irrigation in last 6-7 years from 2010-11 to 2016-17, compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of micro irrigation converge is 12.7%.
During 2016-17, an area of around 8.4 lakh h.a was brought under micro irrigation, which is the highest coverage achieved in a calendar year.
Under Centrally sponsored scheme Micro irrigation scheme, an area 6.2 m h.a has been covered.
Under PMKSY-PDMC other intervention scheme 97359 number of water harvesting structure potential for irrigation of 1.8 lakh h.a has been created since 2015-16.
District Irrigation Plans (DIPs) are the cornerstone for integrated planning and implementation of PMKSY. District irrigation plans (DIP) for all 675 districts have been prepared which covers almost all the agricultural dominant districts of the country.
However, the full utilization of irrigation potential requires timely completion of irrigation projects, appropriate land levelling and shaping and finally involvement of farmers as water user associations, self help groups and farmer collectives in planning and execution of irrigation initiatives.